Have you ever looked up into the sky after a rain shower and spotted a beautiful, colorful arc stretching across the horizon? That’s called a rainbow!
So, how do rainbows form? Well, it all starts with raindrops and sunlight. When sunlight passes through raindrops in the air, something magical happens. The light bends or refracts as it enters the raindrop and reflects off the inside surface. This bending and reflecting of light cause the different colors to separate and spread out, just like when you use a prism to create a colorful spectrum.
The colors of the rainbow always appear in the same order: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet. Remembering the order is easy with the help of a fun acronym: ROYGBIV! Each letter stands for the first letter of a color in the rainbow.
Rainbows are not only beautiful but also carry special meanings in different cultures. For example, in many ancient myths and stories, rainbows were seen as bridges between the earth and the heavens, connecting humans to magical realms. Some cultures even believe that finding the end of a rainbow will lead to a pot of gold. Wouldn’t that be amazing?